Mancala Game Rules. Mancala is a name given to a large family of “Pit and Seeds” or “Count, Sow and Capture” games – one of the oldest games known. Mancala Instructions. For 2 Players. AGES 6 to Adult. CONTENTS. Folding Wood Gameboard, 48 Colored Glass “Stones” Velvet Drawstring Bag. OBJECT. Mancala or Oware Rules. African and Asian classic board game – comprehensive instructions for friendly play from Masters Traditional Games.

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Mancala games motivate young mathematicians. Looking for activities to motivate your school-aged kids to count and think strategically? Also known as “count and capture” games, mancala games encourage kids to conduct thought experiments, counting tokens and comparing tactics in their heads before they move a game piece. Such qualities have inspired educators in Africa, Europe, and the United States to bring mancala into the classroom.

Mancala games for kids

Does playing mancala actually sharpen math and thinking skills? To date, nobody has performed the relevant experiments to find out. However, competent performance requires counting and the mental movement of game tokens across a game board.

And research suggests that good players use abstract or hypothetico-deductive reasoning Retschitzki et al Here I provide an overview of the games, and I describe two popular variants of mancala: If you want to play the games with your kids, you can buy a game board. But one of the great things about mancala is that the game equipment is easily made from everyday materials at home.

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You can make your own macala set using an egg cartoon, two bowls, and some dried seeds, beans, or pebbles. Mancala games are played throughout the world, but especially in Africa, the Caribbean, South Asia and Southeast Asia. The earliest evidence of mancala may come from Eritrea, where archaeologists have found game boards dating from the 6th or 7th centuries AD. Though there are many variants of mancala, most versions share these elements:. A game begins by placing a specified number of seeds in each small pit.

Then players take turns “sowing” and “capturing” seeds. Depending on which variant of mancala is played, there are different rules for capture. In most versions, the object is to capture the most seeds. The second, Oware, can be enjoyed by older children.

mandala It is considered a more complex, grown-up game. Kalah is one of the most popular mancala games for kids. Inspired by traditional mancala games, the rules for Kalah were invented an American, William Julius Champion.

Picture an egg carton with a bowl at each end. At the beginning of the game, you and your opponent sit on opposite sides of the game board.

Mancala Game Rules

The row in front of you is your row. The storage pit to direvtions right is your storage pit. Four seeds are placed in each of the 12 houses.

And then play begins:. The game continues, often with these additional mancala rules:. To make the game more challenging, begin with more seeds or in each small house. Want to play online? Oware, a West African variant of mancala, is a more sophisticated game.

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How to play Mancala: What are the Mancala Rules?

Second, the rules for capture are different. Are manca,a 2 or 3 seeds in it no more and no less? If the answer is no, your turn is over and your opponent gets to sow seeds. But if the answer is yes, you get to collect the seeds and keep them in your directkons pit. Then you examine the next-to-last house. If that house belongs to your opponent, and it contains 2 or 3 seeds, then you get to collect those seeds as well.

Games like Kalah and Oware are often played one-on-one. But they can also be played mancalaa team games. In Africa, people sometimes play with very large boards in a party-like atmosphere. Multiple players might work together on a team, or—if there are just two opponents in the game—the players get lots of free advice from very enthusiastic, vocal, and involved onlookers Townsend Included are the instructions for four different mancala games, and other board games, puzzles, crafts, and games of chance.

Zavlasky offers historical and cultural explanations of each activity, as well as clear, well-illustrated instructions and questions designed to get kids analyzing underlying mathematical and strategic concepts.

Archives de Psychologie African Mankala in anthropological perspective. For educational purposes only.

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