The Documentary Hypothesis of the Pentateuch also known as the JEDP Theory. Some of the critics of the Bible have come up with some sophisticated. Does the “Documentary Hypothesis” or “JEDP Theory” undermine the Bible’s credibility?. The documentary hypothesis (DH) is a model used by biblical scholars to explain the origins in combination with each other and with a documentary model, making it difficult to classify contemporary theories as strictly one or another.
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Some of the critics of the Bible have come up with some sophisticated arguments in their attempts to disprove its authenticity and reliability. In short, this theory states that the first five books of the Bible, called the Pentateuch, consisting of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy, were not written completely by Moses, who died in B.
It is alleged that these authors are detectable through the variations of usage of different words within those books.
Documentary hypothesis – Wikipedia
These supposed authors are known as the J ehovist, the E lohist, the P riestly, and the D euteronomist. These supposed authors are known as the Jehovist, the Elohist, the Priestly, and the Deuteronomist. The word in Hebrew “elohim” is simply the word ‘god. Please note, however, that “Jehovah” or “Yahweh” is not really the exactly pronunciation of God’s name. We do not know how it is exactly pronounced.
According to Oswald T.
Allis, there were four main areas considered by these critics when supporting the Documentary Hypothesis: One of, if not the earliest, appearances of this type of approach to Scripture was by H. Witter in the early s, who asserted that there were two parallel accounts in the creation story that were distinguishable by the word usage in the text. This method of analysis really took root in when a French physician named Austruc analyzed the book of Genesis and asserted that it had two main sources: However, he did not deny Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch at this time.
What this analysis entails is the assumption that where the word Jehovah appears in large quantities in a section of writing, it is the result of an author who used the word “Jehovah” or the tetragramatton YHWH predominantly. Additionally, it is stated that where the term “Elohim” appears more frequently, it ejdp the result of an Elohist, or someone who used that word thekry frequently than another person.
Another person to use this method was Eichhorn, whose analysis of was similar to Austruc’s. However, neither of these men denied Mosaic authorship and neither carried the analysis past the book of Exodus. A few years later, a gentleman named De Wetteassigned Deuteronomy to the time of Josiah post-Mosaic period.
What is the JEDP Theory?
This prompted other writers to tackle the issue. InEichhorn had given up on his claim of Mosaic Authorship of the Pentateuch. InHupfeld proposed that there are two Elohistic source documents in Genesis: He also put great importance upon the redactor, or the one who assembled the various documents, who used editor rights during the compilation of the book of Genesis.
Therefore, his arrangement of the documents was thus: J, E, and D. Graf in the ‘s and Julius Wellhausen in the ‘s said that “according to the historical and prophetical books of the Old Testament, the priestly legislation of the middle books of the Pentateuch was unknown in pre-exilic time, and that this legislation must therefore be a late development.
There have been slight modifications of this list, but it tneory basically the same form used by those holding to the Documentary Hypothesis. This article is also available in: The Documentary Hypothesis of the Pentateuch also known as the JEDP Theory Some of the critics of the Bible have come theoty with some sophisticated arguments in their attempts to disprove its authenticity and reliability.
The letters associated with this issue are J and E. Hupfeld InHupfeld proposed that there are two Elohistic source documents in Genesis: Graf-Wellhausen Later, Karl H. Basically they arranged the Pentateuch authorship in the following manner: From these the Jehovist compiled a narrative work B.
Deuteronomy came in Josiah’s time and its author incorporated this into the Jehovist’s work. The priestly legislation in the Elohist document was largely the work of Ezra and is referred to as the Priestly Document. A later editor s revised and edited the conglomeration of documents by about B. The Five Books of Moses.
Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co. More Evidence That Demands a Verdict. Here’s Life Publishers, Inc. Dictionary of Bible Terms.
How to Interpret the Bible. Is the Bible inspired? Bible Chronology of the Old Testament.
Bible Chronology of the New Testament. What is the Canon? Other books mentioned in the Bible.
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