Haronga madagascariensis (Lam. ex Poir.) Choisy Haronga paniculata (Pers.) Lodd. ex Steud. Common names: Mukaranga (Shona) Mutseti (Shona) Mutsotso . PDF | Leaf and stem essential oils of Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir, [an endangered medicinal Hypericaceae] were obtained in. Harungana (Harungana madagascariensis) is an invasive plant in Queensland. Harungana is a restricted plant under Queensland legislation.

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In Sierra Leone, the plant flowering begins in May and reaches its maximum in August and September, then tapers off around December.

Ovary is marked by dark glandular spots.

Weeds of Australia – Biosecurity Queensland Edition Fact Sheet

Harungana madagasacariensis can be used in various ways. Branches and young leaves exude a bright orange coloured sap when damaged. Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Harungana is a genus of flowering plants within the St.

Harungana madagascariensis

Fruit in clusters, mm in diameter, greenish-orange to red when ripe. Retrieved from ” https: Its crown appears to be golden-green color. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.


Sap is used to treat scabies and anthelmintic tapeworm. Copyright Barry Jago 10th leaf stage. This madagascsriensis reproduces mainly by seed, but it also spreads laterally via the development of suckers from its roots.

Majority of tree surface is covered with stellate hairs.

Harungana madagascariensis

Leaf blade underside covered with stellate hairs or scales. Harungana is an introduced species, naturalized and brought to the Harvey Creek, Babinda, and Mirriwinni areas of Australia. In garungana projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.

This species can be a troublesome weed in lowland areas in NEQ. Fruit appear to be greenish-orange and it becomes red when mature. Small to medium-sized shrubby tree with distinctly russet young leaves and branchlets.

Young leaves are distinctive due to it brown lower surface. White or cream colored. At the tenth leaf stage: These fruit turn brown as they ripen and are borne in large clusters at the tips of the branches. The upper leaf surface is dark harungxna and hairless i.


The reasons for its introduction have never been obvious. These leaves are borne on stalks i. They have rounded i. Click on images to enlarge Scale bar 10mm.

A potential weed of disturbed maagascariensis, forest gaps and margins, roadsides and drainage areas in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Harungana madagascariensis is known as the dragon’s blood treeorange-milk tree or haronga. Views Read Edit View history. The reasons for its introduction into Australia are not obvious. Endocarp surface is hard which makes it difficult to cut.

Flowering occurs throughout the year, but mostly during late spring and early summer. Petioles and twigs produce an orange exudate. Mature leaves are relatively large cm long and cm wide and egg-shaped in harubgana i. The leaves are used to control hemorrhages and diarrhoea, and as remedy for gonorrhea, sore throat, headaches and fevers. Red data list status: