Gnosias complejas O Visuoespaciales: conjunto de estereotipos que van desde el reconocimiento de formas geométricas. Se caracteriza por trastornos en la. Caloruso y la evocación de la figura compleja de Rey Osterrieth), gnosias visuales y visoespaciales (TPVNM, figuras superpuestas y apareamiento de rostros. A.- Alteración de una o más áreas cognitivas: Atención/concentración Lenguaje Gnosias Memoria Praxias Funciones visuoespaciales Funciones ejecutivas.

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Cognitive functions are those mental processes that lead to the acquisition of knowledge vusuoespaciales allow us to carry out our daily tasks. They allow the subject to have an active role in the processes of receiving, choosing, transforming, storing, processing and retrieval of information, allowing the subject to navigate the world around him.

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Gnosis is the ability of the brain to recognize previously learned information such as objects, persons, or places collected from our senses. Thus, there are different types of gnosis, one for each sensory modality, and gnosis which combine different sensory modalities. Attention is the process of directing cognitive resources towards certain aspects of the environment, or towards the execution of certain actions that seem most appropriate.

It refers to the state of observation and alertness that allows awareness of what is happening in the environment Ballesteros, In other words, attention is the ability to generate, direct, and maintain an appropriate state of alertness to correctly process information.

Executive functions are complex cognitive processes necessary for planning, organizing, guiding, revising, regulating, and evaluating behavior necessary to adapt effectively to the environment and to achieve goals Bauermeister, Praxis refers to learned motor activity. In other words, praxis is the generation of volitional movement for the performance of a particular action or towards achieving a goal. Language is a high-level cognitive function that develops processes of symbolization related to encoding and decoding.


According to Lecours et al. Memory is the ability to encode, store, and effectively retrieve previously learned information or past experiences. Memory is divided into two main types:. Joint cognitive and emotional processes, by which we interpret, analyze, remember and use information about the social world. It refers to how we think about ourselves, others and their behavior, social relationships, and how we make sense of all that information and base our behavior accordingly.

Visuospatial skill is the ability to represent, analyze, and mentally manipulate objects. There are two important concepts relating to visuospatial skills:. The loss of cognitive abilities follows the normal process of aging. The way in which we age and how this process develops, as well as our health and the functional capacity we have, depend both on our genetic structure and on the environment that we have lived in throughout our lives.

It has been shown that deterioration slows down and that the deficits are milder if one has an active and healthy lifestyle in a stimulating environment and if we continue to work on our cognitive skills through cognitive stimulation exercises. Higher brain functions such as reasoning, memory or attention are essential to have a full and independent life.

Throughout the visuespaciales we use cognitive functions continuously. Our brain uses the different cognitive abilities to prepare food, drive or participate in meetings, with each activity activating to a greater or lesser extent different parts of the two hemispheres. All the activities we do require the use of gnosais brain functions. This involves millions of neuronal connections spread out by the cerebral lobes and the activation of different areas of the brain which allows us to interact properly with our environment and process the information we obtain through various channels.

The processing of information in the human mind takes place through the cognitive system. The individual has an active role in the reception, selection, elaboration, recovery and transformation of the information that reaches the brain. What are cognitive functions? What are the most important cognitive functions? The most important cognitive functions are attention, orientation, memory, gnosis, executive functions, praxis, language, social cognition and visuospatial skills.


Orientation What is orientation?

Read more about Orientation. Gnosis What is gnosis? Read more about Gnosis.

Attention What is attention? There are five different attention processes: Read more about Attention. Executive Functions What are executive functions?

Executive functioning involves abilities and processes vital for daily life such as: Read more about Executive Functions. Praxis What is praxis? Different types of praxis include: Read more about Praxis. Language What is language? Within language there are various functions which can be disrupted: Read more about Language. Memory What is memory? Memory is divided into two main types: Read more about Memory.

Cognitive Functions

Social Cognition Joint cognitive and emotional processes, by which we interpret, analyze, remember and use information about the social world.

Read more about Social Cognition.

Visuospatial Skills What are visuospatial skills? There are two important concepts relating to visuospatial skills: Read more about Visuospatial Skills.

When do cognitive functions begin to deteriorate? How can we preserve cognitive functions? What do we use cognitive functions for? Why are cognitive functions important? How do we use cognitive functions? The processing of this information is composed of interrelated cognitive elements that act together to execute the most complex mental operations.

In this way, a cognitive function can be linked or complemented with others forming a superior entity or, a cognitive processwhich can operate by working its most basic units cognitive functions or on its more elaborate processes thinking skills.