Latin name: Euterpe precatoria. Vernacular name: Huassaí, chonta. Ethnobotany This palm is harvested for edible palm heart (the apex), and the trunk is used. Another widespread representative of the genus, E. precatoria is similar in many respects to E. oleraceaexcept that the former also occurs in. Antioxidant capacities of the fruit pulp of “açai” (Euterpe precatoria Mart.) were evaluated by chemical/cell based assays. ▻ Anti-inflammatory.
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Stems solitary, or rarely clustered and preactoria few together, to 20 m tall, cm in diameter. Leaves to 4 m long; crownshaft yellowish green; petiole green, glabrous; pinnae numerous, regularly inserted, narrow, strongly pendulous, the central ones cm long and cm wide. Inflorescence erect, with axis cm long; branches tousually confined to the lower abaxial side of the rachis, cm long, mm in diameter, densely covered with whitish hairs.
Fruits black, globose, about 1.
Seedling leaves pinnately divided, the first ones with 2 pinnae on each side, appearing palmate. Stems solitary or caespitose growing in tufts or clumpsbut then not forming large clumps, erect, m tall.
Leaves in the crown, spreading and somewhat arched; sheath 0. Gloria Galeano and A. One of the most widespread species in the genus, Euterpe precatoria was divided by Henderson into two varieties. Two varieties are recognised, both of which occur in Ecuador; Euterpe precatoria var.
In communities where the study was conducted by Brown and his colleagues, the main use of this species as a food source, reaping the fruits to consume as juice, chicha, “milk”, or by products of this massfollowed, in the same degree of importance the medicinal use, for handicrafts and as a source for obtaining Mojojoi Rhynchophorus palmarum.
It is also important for building use for developing different cultural elements and tools for making household utensils and as a source of palm. Another use, rare but it was mentioned in some cases, the use of this palm for making cercas.
The roots are used as medicinal Henderson2 cited by Brown et al4especially against muscular pain and snake bites, are also used for the hair to grow well and keeps black. Prevents pregnant women lose their hair Borchsenius et al. The decoction of the leaves is used to relieve pain pecho. The leaves are sometimes used for thatching houses Borchsenius et al.
Forest Acai – Euterpe precatoria
The Forest palm uses: Food, Heart, fruitseuterrpe posts, thatch, hunting gear: The constructors of houses choose the species based on the planned lifetime of the building, available labor, time, and the durability of the construction material.
For making planking for floors and walls. Entire trunks occasionally used as house posts. The most common species used for flooring in the flood plain was Socratea exorrhiza, while Euterpe precatoria mainly serves for wallboards in both flood plain and terra firme communities.
The only recorded leaf vegetable. Fruits are soaked in water until soft and the flesh is eaten. The fruits also may be used to prepare a refreshing drink. Aftersoaking the fruits in water overnight, the flesh is removed and the seeds are discarded. Water is then added to the pulp.
Fiber are generally obtained from the leaf rachis of Attalea phalerata and Euterpe precatoria, and are utilized for the production of baskets. People are beginning to use it for beautifying roadways in the Iquitos precatoriz.
Euterpe precatoria (Huassaí) « Rainforest Conservation Fund
The cabbage or palm hearts are extracted and eaten by the natives at Easter time. These hearts are also sold in the market place and are a favorite salad of tourists. The hair is washed with a decoction of smashed roots-it makes it grow well and stay black.
The split leaves make a durable thatching material for houses. Small parrots eat the fruits. Brooms are made from the fibers. This palm is harvested for edible palm heart the apexand the trunk is used for many construction purposes.
A liquid from the roots is used to treat malaria. In this region of the Amazon, use of the fruit is rare. This single-stemmed palm grows well from discarded or planted seeds. Delicate roots can make transplanting seedlings difficult. The light, very small canopy makes it compatible for interplanting with almost any crop. Yasuni National Park, Orellana, Ecuador. Photo by Tico da Pisa, edric. Here’s a specimen of a variegated race from the Amazon of this species.
The species ranges as far north as Central America. Photo by Jason Dewees, edric. Photo by Ryan D.
Special thanks to Palmweb. Genera Palmarum – Evolution and Classification of the Palms.
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers see images for credits. Manual to the palms of Ecuador. Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.
Back to Palm Encyclopedia. Photo by Gaston Torres Vera, edric. Quinido Botanical Gardens, near Armenia, Colombia. Photo by Stephen Villiers, edric. Sarapiqui Estacion Biologica La Selva.
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