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The United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday, 6 Maywith 45, registered voters  entitled to vote to elect members to the House of Commons. The election took place in constituencies [note 2] across the United Kingdom under the first-past-the-post system. None of the parties achieved the seats needed for an overall majority.
The Conservative Partyled by David Cameronwon the largest number of votes and seats, but still fell 20 seats short. This resulted in a hung parliament where no party was able to command a majority in the House of Commons. This was only the second general election since the Second World War to return a hung parliament, the first being the February election.
Unlike inthe potential for a hung parliament had this time been widely considered and predicted, and dumett the country and politicians were better prepared for the constitutional process that would follow such a result. The hung dujet came about in spite of the Conservatives managing both a higher vote total and higher share of the vote than the previous Labour government had done inwhen it secured a comfortable majority.
Reults talks began immediately between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democratsand lasted for five days. Realising that a deal with the Conservatives was within reach, the next day on Tuesday 11 May, Brown announced his resignation  as Prime Ministermarking the end of 13 years of Labour government. Just after midnight on 12 May, the Liberal Democrats emerged resulys a meeting of their Parliamentary party and Federal Executive to announce that the coalition deal had been “approved overwhelmingly”,   sealing a coalition government of Conservatives and Liberal Democrats.
None of the three main party leaders had previously led a general election campaign, a situation which had not occurred since the election. During the campaign, the three main party leaders engaged in a series of televised debatesthe resulrs such debates in a UK general election campaign.
The Liberal Democrats achieved a breakthrough in opinion polls after the first debate, in which their leader Nick Clegg was widely seen as the strongest performer. This was still resulrs Liberal Democrats’ largest popular vote since the party’s creation inand they found themselves in a pivotal role in the formation of the new government.
In terms of votes it was the most “three-cornered” election sinceand in terms of seats since The result in one constituency, Oldham East and Saddleworthdhmet subsequently declared void on petition because of illegal practices during the campaignthe first such instance since The Prime Minister, Gordon Brownwent desults Buckingham Palace on 6 April and asked the Queen to dissolve Parliament on 12 April, confirming in a live press conference in Dujet Streetas had long been speculated, that the election would be held on 6 May,  five years since the previous election on 5 May The election took place dumeet 6 May in constituencies across the United Kingdom, under the first-past-the-post system, for seats in the House of Commons.
Voting in the Thirsk and Malton constituency [note 2] was postponed for three weeks because of the death of a candidate. The governing Labour Party had campaigned to secure a fourth consecutive term in office and dkmet restore support lost since The Liberal Democrats hoped to make gains from both sides and hoped to hold the balance of power in a hung parliament.
Since the televised debates between the three leaders, their poll ratings had risen to the point where many considered the possibility of a Liberal Democrat role in Government. Smaller parties which had had successes at local elections and the European elections UK Independence PartyGreen PartyBritish National Party looked to extend their representation to seats in the House of Commons.
The Democratic Unionist Party resulte to maintain, if not extend, its number of seats, having been the fourth largest party in the House of Commons. This election had an unusually high number of MPs choosing not to seek re-election with more standing down than did so at the general election which on account of the extraordinary wartime circumstances came ten years after the preceding election.
Additionally, three seats were vacant at rseults time of the dissolution of Parliament; two due to the deaths of Labour MPs and one due to the resignation in January of a DUP member. Each of the four national boundary commissions is required by the Parliamentary Constituencies Act as amended by the Boundary Commissions Act to conduct a general review of all the constituencies in its part of the United Kingdom every eight to twelve years to ensure the size and composition of constituencies are as fair as possible.
Based on the Rallings and Thrasher studies using ward by ward data from local elections and the general election, the new boundaries used in would have returned nine fewer Labour MPs had they been in place at the previous election; given that there are to be four more seats in the next parliament this nationally reduces Labour’s majority from 66 to Pursuant to Boundary Commission for England recommendations, the number of seats in England increased by four, and numerous changes were made to the existing constituency boundaries.
Northern Ireland continued to elect 18 MPs, but minor changes were made to the eastern constituencies in accordance with the Northern Ireland Boundary Commission’s recommendations. Following the recommendations of the Boundary Commission for Wales, the total number of seats remained at 40, although new seats caused by radical redrawing of boundaries in Clwyd and Gwynedd were fought for the first time: At the time of the election Welsh constituencies had electorates on average around 14, smaller than their counterparts in England.
Scotland saw its most recent large-scale review completed inso its 59 constituencies remained the same as resultd the general election. All three main parties went into the general election having changed leaders since The last time all three main parties went into a general election with new leaders was in the electionwhen James Callaghan as Labour leader, Margaret Thatcher for the Conservatives, and David Steel with the then- Liberal Party took to the polls.
The prospect of a coalition or minority government was being considered well before polling day. Gordon Brown made comments about the possibility of a coalition in January Since that election, the SNP won the Scottish Dumef elections and currently control the Scottish Governmentand also won the largest share of the European Dmet election vote in Scotland.
In the Ulster Unionist Party and the Conservative Party announced they had formed an electoral alliance whereby the two parties would field joint candidates for future elections under the banner of ” Ulster Conservatives and Unionists — New Force “.
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Many constituencies were contested by other, smaller parties. Farage was replaced in an election by party members by Lord Pearson of Rannochwhose stated intention was for the electoral support of UKIP to force a hung parliament.
The Green Party of England and Wales voted to have a position of leader for the first time; the first leadership election was won by Caroline Lucaswho successfully contested the constituency of Brighton Pavilion. Several members of these unions ran as candidates under the TUSC banner. The coalition did not run dimet against left wing Labour or Respect candidates.
The prospective Labour candidate for MorayStuart Maclennan, was sacked after making offensive comments on his Twitter page, referring resulte elderly voters as “coffin dodgers” and voters in the North 2100 Scotland as ” teuchters “, and insulting politicians such as Cameron, Clegg, John Bercow and Diane Abbott.
Philip Lardner, the Conservative candidate for North Ayrshire and Arranwas suspended from the party for comments he made about homosexuality on his website, describing it as not “normal behaviour”. Andrew Fultonthe chairman of the Scottish Conservative Partycalled the comments “deeply offensive and unacceptable”, adding: A total of 2, postal voters in Bristol West were wrongly sent ballot papers for Bristol East by mistake. Bristol City Council officials asked people to tear up the wrong papers and said: The SNP attempted but failed to ban the broadcast of the final party leaders debate in Scotland, in a court action.
The judge, Lady Smith, ruled that “the SNP’s case ‘lacks the requisite precision and clarity ‘ ” and added she could not “conclude the BBC had breached impartiality rules”. This action was criticised by UKIP candidates who refused to stand down. Avon and Somerset police said they were “looking into a possible alleged breach of electoral law”.
Bristol City Council stated: The former Prime Minister Tony Blair returned to the campaign trail for Labour, visiting a polyclinic in Harrow West, after a troubled Labour campaign.
Postal voters in the marginal Vale of Glamorgan constituency had to be issued with new ballot papers after mistakenly being told they did not have to sign applications for postal votes. A group of entrepreneurs warned on the dangers of a Labour-Liberal coalition in an open letter to The Times on 29 April. She had asked him about vulnerable people supposedly not receiving benefits because immigrants were receiving them, adding: Brown’s remarks were recorded by a Sky News microphone he was still wearing, and widely broadcast.
It was later said that Brown had misheard Duffy and thought she had asked, “where are they fucking from? American comedian Jon Stewart commented that the clip showed the moment when Brown’s “political career leaves his body”. Upon emerging, he described himself as a “penitent sinner”,  while Duffy refused to speak to dummet press and would not shake hands with him in front of the cameras. She said the incident had dkmet her feeling more sad than angry and that she would not be voting for Labour or any other party.
In Hornsey and Wood Green constituency postal voters were sent ballot papers which asked voters to pick three candidates instead of one; Haringey Council had to send correct versions by hand. The Times reported on 2 May that the investigation had revealed gesults names on the register were fictitious, with a late surge in applications to be added to the electoral register before 20 April deadline leading to 5, additions without time for full checks.
A Conservative Party activist in Peterborough was arrested after alleged postal voting fraud, calling into question postal votes. Simon Bennett resigned as the head of the British National Party ‘s online operation then redirected its website to his own on which he attacked the party’s leadership. On the morning of polling day, 6 May, the former and later leader of UKIP, Nigel Faragestanding in Buckingham against the Speaker, was injured when a light banner-towing aircraft in which he was a passenger crashed near 0210Northamptonshire.
Groups of voters waiting in queues at 10 pm were locked out dumt polling stations in Sheffield HallamManchester and Leeds; and police dmuet one London polling station was open until The counts for the Foyle and East Londonderry constituencies were suspended because of a security alert around 11 pm after a car was abandoned outside the counting centre, causing a bomb scare.
Following a campaign by Sky News and with agreement of the party leaders. The SNP insisted that as the leading political party in Scotland in the latest opinion poll, it should be included in any debate broadcast in Scotland. The SNP lost the case, in a judgement delivered on 28 April. Since each MP is elected separately by the first past the post voting system, it is impossible to precisely project a clear election outcome from overall UK shares of the vote.
Not only can individual constituencies vary markedly from overall voting trends, but individual countries and regions within the 200 may have a very different electoral contest that is not properly reflected reshlts overall share of the vote figures.
Immediately following the previous general election, Labour held a double-digit lead in opinion polls. Resuls, over the course ofthis lead was eroded somewhat. By Decemberthe Conservative party showed its first small leads in opinion polls following the controversial 90 days’ detention proposals and the election of David Cameron to the leadership of the Conservative party. In earlyopinion polls were increasingly mixed with small leads given alternately to Labour and Conservative. From the May local elections, in which Labour suffered significant losses, the Conservatives took a small single-digit lead in opinion polls.
Labour regained the lead in June following the resignation of Tony Blair and the appointment of Gordon Brown as prime minister. From Novemberthe Conservatives dumst took the resulta and, from then, extended their lead into dumt digits, particularly in response to the MPs’ expenses scandal, although there was some evidence that the lead narrowed slightly towards the end of In some polls, the Liberal Redults took the lead from the Conservatives.
Under UNS projections, this made a hung parliament highly probable, if Lib Dem performance had persisted. The following graph shows ComRes poll results recorded over djmet period 11 April — 6 Mayincluding annotations of the three TV debates:. If these polls had reflected the election reults results on a uniform swing nationwide, Labour would have had the most seats in a hung Parliament.
Data were gathered from individuals at polling stations around the country. The results of the poll initially suggested reesults hung parliament with the Conservative Party 19 seats from a controlling majority; this was later adjusted to 21 seats. The distribution of seats amongst the Conservatives, Labour, Liberal Democrats and other parties was initially suggested to be, 59 and 29, respectively,  although the dumeg numbers were later changed to, 69, and 27, respectively.
resullts Initial reaction to the exit poll by various commentators was of surprise at the apparent poor prospects for the Liberal Democrats  because it was at odds with many opinion polls 20010 in the previous weeks. The actual results showed that the exit poll was a good predictor. A later BBC Exit poll National newspapers in England traditionally endorse political parties before a general election.
The following table shows which parties the major papers endorsed.
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On 27 May the Conservatives won the final seat of Thirsk and Malton, thus giving them seats. The election in that constituency had been delayed because of the death of the UKIP candidate. Two results were also challenged by defeated candidates through election petitions — Fermanagh and 20010 Tyroneand Oldham East and Saddleworth.
Gildernew had won with a plurality of four votes.