Self-anchoring category rating scales seem to fulfill this requirement, since satisfaction is also referred to in the literature as the Self-Anchoring Striving Scale . Scales by Ed Diener. Joseph Smiley Distinguished Professor of Psychology, Emeritus, University of Illinois., Source: Hadley Cantril’s Self-Anchoring Striving. negative feelings); Brief Psychological Well-Being Scale; Comprehensive Psychological Well-Being Scale; Cantril’s Self-Anchoring Striving Scale (Ladder).

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This finding appears consistent with the older factor analysis literature where it has been observed that self-anchoing categorical variables may lead to more factors, particularly if the distributions of the variables are skewed see for example Lord and Novickor Olsson This time, three factors remained: In particular, we designed two experimental modules that were fielded in the ALP including some of the evaluative and eudemonic well-being measures described above, as well as a number of experienced measures.

We find differences in the number of dimensions for experienced measures, with a positive and negative factor in both Gallup and HWB12, as well as an additional fatigue factor for the HWB12 items. Ecological momentary assessment in behavioral medicine. Please review our privacy policy. We make use of both techniques here.

We also confirm prior findings Kim and Moen of a strong positive relation between being retired and subjective well-being. High income improves evaluation of life but not emotional well-being. An important question of interest when fielding a survey on subjective well-being questions is the reliability of the resulting measures. Yesterday did you spend time with friends or family? Did you experience happiness during a lot of sellf-anchoring day yesterday?


ELSA Now, please pause briefly to think about yesterdayfrom the morning until the end of the day. In practice results obtained by OLS often are very similar to those obtained by self-anchorring complex methods.

Cantril’s Self-Anchoring Ladder

So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life. The positive and negative experienced affect measures load on different factors, thus confirming that positive and negative affect are not simply opposite poles on the same scale. It is not entirely clear why this happens, but one possibility is the design of the ONS questionnaire, which places this experienced measure directly behind an evaluative question.

Life satisfaction is a global retrospective judgment, cognitively demanding, and likely constructed only when asked. Does self-wnchoring seem better on a sunny day?

Did you experience frustration during a lot of the day yesterday? We conclude that finer response scales allowing more nuanced answers offer more reliability.

Dimensions of Subjective Well-Being

Without a spouse, partner or anyone else present. The reason for this is as follows. Please say how much you agree or disagree with the following statements. The reliability of subjective well-being measures. The largest loadings in absolute value in each row are shown in bold.

Did you experience loneliness during a lot of the day yesterday? Journal of Family Issues. In all cases factors are rotated orthogonally using the vantril method while we retain factors with eigenvalues greater than one. The Relation Between Evaluative and Experienced Well-Being Measures There is a lively debate in the literature on the dimensions of well-being and what different measures are capturing for a review, see Diener Would you be happier if you were richer?

The advantage of using OLS throughout self-anchiring in the ease of interpretation, while it also facilitates comparison across the different scales.


Dimensions of Subjective Well-Being

The TV2 is an Internet player that allows respondents to open email accounts and browse the Internet. Measuring happiness, suffering, and other dimensions of experience. The RAND continuous presidential election poll.

How did you feel when you were doing health-related activities yesterday? The Day Reconstruction Method DRM has been developed to offer some of the advantages of EMA while being more practical, by combining a time-use survey with questions about the previous day Kahneman et al.

Was yesterday a normal day for you or did something unusual happen? We find that all evaluative measures load on the same factor. There are two main differences between Gallup and HWB Yesterday, did you feel sad? The ELSA questionnaire is more complicated to analyze as it asks for ratings for a number of activities during the previous day, so we use only the ELSA response scale for comparison with the response scales used by Gallup and in HWB Similarly, we observe that the U-shaped relation with age that we observed for evaluative well-being does not show up for experienced well-being.

We concentrate here on demographic and socio-economic determinants. We fielded two waves of the ALP where we administered four evaluative well-being measures and three sets of experienced well-being measures. The motivation for this is that these appear most amenable to policy e. Which step comes closest to the way you feel?