Information System on International Labour Standards. C – Forced Labour Convention, (No. 29). Convention concerning Forced or Compulsory Labour. Publication year: Categories: Slavery, Slavery-Like Practices & Forced Labour, Traffic in Persons Sources: ILO Types: Norms and standards. Regions. Title, Forced Labour Convention, C29 Citation / Document Symbol, C29 Labour Organization (ILO), Forced Labour Convention, C29, 28 June , C29, .

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The illegal exaction of forced or — labour shall be punishable as a penal offence, and it shall be an obligation on any Member ratifying this Convention to ensure that the penalties imposed by law are really adequate and are strictly enforced.

C029 – Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29)

Member States green of the Convention. At such times as it may consider necessary the Governing Body ni.29 the International Labour Office shall present to the General Conference a report on the working of this Convention and shall examine the desirability of placing on the agenda of the Conference the question of its revision in whole or in part.

As with any treaty, what will ultimately give the Protocol value and meaning is proper implementation and enforcement. The two chief conventions aimed at eradicating forced labour are ILO Conventions 29 and In addition to enforcement, there is an emphasis on prevention, identification, and treatment of the root causes of forced labour.

Views Read Edit View history. The Convention was a relevant and vital tool in the fight against forced labour. This page was vonvention edited on 23 Decemberat Despite decades of international convrntion to eradicate forced labour, it remains a pervasive worldwide challenge.

Refworld | Forced Labour Convention, C29

Submissions to lbaour authorities by country. Regardless, this is a good opportunity for dialogue about the US joining with other countries in adopting ILO standards to eradicate some of the worst violations of human rights.

Latest Articles Chile and Bolivia: The Protocol is also innovative because it does not establish a one-size-fits-all substantive prescription for eradicating forced cconvention, but instead requires countries to engage in establishing their own plans for eradicating forced labour.

In Februarythe tripartite meeting of experts took place in Geneva. Part I provides background information on forced labour and on Convention No.

In addition to its support for the protocol during discussions at the ILO, the US Government has been monitoring and reporting on trafficking and forced labour.

Part III offers some vonvention for how the protocol might impact the treatment of forced labour and trafficking. In its pre-ambulatory language, as well as Article 1, the Protocol explicitly links forced labour and human trafficking. Its object and purpose is to suppress the use of forced labour in all its forms irrespective of the nature of the work or the sector of activity in which it may be performed.


Helpfully, the Labiur indicated by its actions leading up to and during the adoption of the Protocol, along with its reporting on forced labour and human trafficking—appears to be altering its focus. In addition to these conventions, a range of other ILO Conventions, Recommendations, and Declarations are aimed at noo.29 the abolition of forced labour. This support c092 evidenced by the US voting in favor of adopting the Protocol, [xlvi] and the Protocol language it supported during the drafting stage.

While the ILO has tried to focus equally on the two challenges when examining State compliance with Convention 29, [xliii] countries have not responded with such equal measure, as they tend to focus on sex trafficking, as noted above. The Convention defines forced labour as “all work or service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered himself voluntarily”, with few exceptions like compulsorly military service.

The Government of Thailand was the only state to vote against adoption, [7] [8] though it reversed its position a few days later. Because the US has taken a leading role in trying to combat forced labour both within its borders and internationallyits examination of the full range of forced labour as exhibited by its scrutiny of Brazil, Mauritania, Thailand, and itself in its newer Trafficking in Persons and Human Fonvention Country reports could labuor as a model for other countries wishing to follow suit.

Despite the close relationship between forced labour and human trafficking, countries have coonvention emphasized the eradication of trafficking in general, and sex trafficking in particular.

The annual reports that Members which ratify this Convention agree to make to the International Labour Conveniton, pursuant to the provisions of Article 22 of the Constitution of the International Labour Organisation, on the measures they have taken to give effect to the provisions of this Convention, shall contain as full information as possible, in respect of each territory concerned, regarding the extent to which recourse has been had to forced or compulsory labour in that territory, the purposes for which it has been employed, the sickness and death rates, hours of work, methods of payment of wages and rates of wages, and any other donvention information.

As of Novemberit has been forces by nine states: He shall likewise notify them of the registration of ratifications which may be communicated subsequently by other Members of the Organisation.

Forced labour is an abhorrent practice and a severe human rights violation. This article examines the new Protocol including the implementation gaps that it is meant to address, why it was adopted, and its potential to contribute to the eradication of forced labour. Forcsd measures shall in all cases be taken to ensure that the regulations governing the employment of forced or compulsory labour are strictly applied, either by extending the duties of any existing labour inspectorate which has been established for the inspection of voluntary labour to cover the inspection of forced or compulsory labour or in some other appropriate manner.


Before permitting recourse to forced or compulsory labour for works of construction or maintenance which entail the workers remaining at the workplaces for considerable periods, the competent authority shall satisfy itself Given the explicitly proclaimed link between forced labour and human trafficking in the Protocol, the Protocol has the potential to help countries focus on eradicating both challenges simultaneously and with equal vigor. EPLex Employment protection legislation database.

Inthe International Labour Conference adopted Convention to enhance Convention 29 by requiring the immediate eradication of forced labour in five specific cases [xvi] related to State economic and political coercion.

Thus, there is an urgent need to focus on eradicating not just human trafficking sex or otherwisebut all forms of forced labour that plague countries around the world.

Austria inLuxembourg in and Malta in were the last Western European countries to ratify the convention. ILO members that did not ratify are shown in red. Even though the US has not ratified Convention 29, [xlv] the US is supportive of the Protocol, and the need to shift the focus away from sexual exploitation to broader forms of trafficking and forced labour. Treatment of these issues between and [li] in Country Reports for Brazil, [lii] Mauritania, [liii] Thailand, [liv] and the US [lv] indicate that the US Government has been focusing more attention on forced labour generally, as opposed to sex trafficking in particular.

The Protocol entered into force on 9 November She was pleased that the Committee was able to forcec the texts of the Protocol and the Recommendation which would be presented in plenary for adoption. Conventon thanked the Office for its excellent work leading to that moment. The Protocol was adopted with votes in favour, 8 against and 27 abstentions there are 3 votes per member state: It also obligates states parties to develop “a national policy and plan of action for the effective and sustained suppression of forced or compulsory labour”.

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It only focused on one over the other when that challenge had a greater prevalence in a given country. On 14 MayNiger became the first state to ratify the Protocol. While a list of mandatory end goals are set forth, States can choose the tools needed to meet them based on their national circumstances.

Forced labour is arguably the least controversial area of international labour standards. Diane Frey View Posts.