Lord Byron’s Tragedy of Sardanapalus, in four acts, was performed at the Theatre Royal, Manchester, March April 28, Charles Calvert (the adapter). The subject of this painting was inspired by Lord Byron’s dramatic poem of about the life of an ancient Assyrian king named Sardanapalus. Finding his. This thesis discusses the gender standards as portrayed in Lord Byron’s play. Sardanapalus () and Eugène Delacroix’s painting Death of Sardanapalus.

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The freshly murdered concubine and the concubine being slaughtered are directly illuminated in comparison to the destruction that surrounds them.


In the actor-manager Charles Calvert played Sardanapalus in his own sarddanapalus of the play, and this adaptation was also staged at Booth’s Theatre in New York. Myrrha, left behind, hears reports that a battle is in progress, and is going badly for the king. Sardanapalus awakes from a troubled sleep and tells Myrrha that he has had a nightmare of banqueting with his dead ancestors, the kings of Assyria.

The Music of Liszt.

In a soliloquy Salemenes deplores the life of slothful luxury led by his brother-in-law Sardanapalusking of Assyria. Both sarrdanapalus and horses struggle for their lives’ against the attacks of the King’s servants. Ashur-uballit II succeeded him as the last king of an independent Assyria, ruling from Harranthe last capital of Assyria until BC.

The Greek slave-girl Myrrha, Sardanapalus’ favourite, enters; when Sardanapalus proposes to spend the evening banqueting by the Byorn she persuades him not to go, fearing some danger there. Although Lord Byron’s tragedy Sardanapalus was Delacroix’s main inspiration, he does not follow the text precisely but instead adapted the theme according to his own imagination.

To avoid falling into the hand of his enemies, Sardanapalus had a huge funeral pyre created for himself on which were piled “all his gold, silver and royal apparel”.

Crouching Woman Sardnaapalus returned to Nineveh to defend his capital, while his army was placed under the command of his brother-in-law, who was soon defeated and killed. The character which Ctesias depicted or invented, an effeminate debauchee, sunk in luxury and sloth, who at the last was driven to take up arms, and, after a prolonged but ineffectual resistance, avoided capture by suicide, cannot be identified”. He paints the ancient king surrounded by chaos; he has just ordered the death of his women, slaves, horses and most treasured concubine after learning of the defeat of his army.


Sardanapalus First edition title page. Hector Berliozthe 19th-century French Romantic composer, wrote a very early cantata on the subject of the death of Sardanapalus. A messenger arrives from the king, telling the two satraps to return to their respective provinces without their troops. Romanticism is sometimes viewed as a reaction to sarcanapalus more serious predecessor, the Neoclassical movement.

The eighteenth and nineteenth centuries brought about a culture that was more visual than ever and symbols of gender identity were everywhere. Views Read Edit View history. These Romantic artists were part of a movement that changed gender rules forever.

Peace and salvation come through the individual rather than through political movements. Sardanapalus’s troops were surprised during their partying, and were routed. His successors too, following his example, gave answers to their people through their ministers. The area is still inhabited by a now Christian and still Eastern Aramaic -speaking indigenous Assyrian minority today.

He dressed in women’s clothes and wore make-up. Even though Byron is cited as the source for Delacroix’s painting, their approaches to gender are vastly different. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The story of the Assyrian ruler, Sardanapalus, is a tragic one and so it’s no wonder this tale attracted the warped interest of Eugene Delacroix. The Story of Art.

The Death of Sardanapalus |

They leave, resolving to defend themselves by rebellion. Salemenes and the king leave, and Arbaces, shamed by the king’s clemency, momentarily abandons his regicidal intentions. Nineveh was besieged and sacked in BC. This figure can be seen at the right of the king’s bed. The king enters, and Salemenes reproaches him with his lack of eardanapalus for military glory and his unfaithfulness to sxrdanapalus queen, Salemenes’ sister.

Sardanapalus admits to being slightly wounded. Myrrha enters, and the king, initially embarrassed by her presence, falls under her spell again. As Myrrha waits in the palace, conversing with one of the courtiers, a wounded Salemenes is brought in, a javelin protruding from his side.


As Neoclassical artists focused on properly accounting history through close attention to detail, Romantic artists flirted with themes of man’s self glorification, man’s part in nature, divinity found in nature, and emotion. He uses this interval to have a pyre sardanapaus under his throne, bydon bids his last faithful officer save sarsanapalus by fleeing.

Yet for all its notoriety, Delacroix’s painting, now in the Louvre in Paris, was not sold untilwhen, it is thought, the Museum’s quickly worked picture was done as a reprise in much reduced proportions. The order of color, white, yellow, and red take the eye from left to right and from top to bottom. Journal of the American Musicological Society.

Once The Death of Sardanapalus sardanapaljs re-exhibited and after the artist’s death, critics found the exotic colors and the composition shocking, but in a more pleasing manner. Mephistopheles offers up the life of pleasure as Faust’s life’s goal. Retrieved from ” https: The Raft of the Medusa. Coleridgein his notes on the works of Byron, states, “It is hardly necessary to remind sardnapalus modern reader that the Sardanapalus of history is an unverified if not an unverifiable personage Sardanapalus is now a public domain work and may be performed without royalties.

Both appear to have been strong, disciplined, serious and ambitious rulers, and Ashurbanipal was known to be a literate and scholarly king with an interest in mathematicsastronomyastrology sardnapalus, historyzoology and botany.

The Death of Sardanapalus

Other works by Delacroix: Eugene Delacroix fine-tuned Romanticism, incorporating the influences of great masters such as Michelangelo and Peter Paul Rubens. The death of Sardanapalus also attracted the attention of 19th century French Romantic composer, Hector Berlioz. The booty brought back to Europe from Egypt inspired some of wardanapalus objects found in the painting; the Egyptian winged sun and the Egyptian-styled hood worn by the Moors.