Book Name: Aroj Ali Matubbar Rachanasamagra Book Writer: Aroj Ali Matubbar Book Language: Bengali Book Format: Portable Document File (pdf). Aroj Ali Matubbar: Rationalist Philosopher of Rural Bangladesh .. But the courageous folk writers did translate the works of Islamic theological books in Bangla. [1] His original name was Aroj Ali, and he only acquired the name ‘Matubbar’ ( meaning ‘local landlord’) later. He was born to a poor farming family. He studied for.

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Aroj Ali Matubbar Bengali: He was born in the village of Charbaria Lamchariabout 11 kilometres 6.

He was born to a poor farming family. He studied for only a few months at the village maqtabhowever this brief dabble in institutional education centered only on the Quran and other Islam studies. Matubbar lost his father at an early age. The landless boy faced an even more critical crisis when a local usurer called him out of his ancestral homestead. Destitute, Matubbar grew up somehow on the charity of others and by working as a farm laborer. Due to his poverty, he could not attend school and had to rely on the free maqtab religious education provided by a local mosque.

However he did not accept the rigid methods of learning there, and left it.

A kindhearted man helped him finish the Bengali Primers. Persevering as he was, he kept on reading more and more. To satisfy his thirst for knowledge he studied all the Bengali books in Barisal Public Library like a serious student.

Philosophy as a subject interested him most, but there were not enough books in the collection there. A teacher of philosophy at the B M CollegeKazi Ghulam Quadir, was impressed booms his depth of knowledge and understanding, so he helped him borrow books from the college library. This was how his mind matubar shaped.

Matubbar developed a very progressive approach and wrote against ignorance, superstition, and religious fundamentalism. He came to be considered an iconoclast for writing against established religious ideologies. For example, he questioned Islamic law of inheritance, as he failed to reconcile the suggested mode of matugbar of inherited property. Aroj Ali wrote several books, in spite of his lack of formal schooling.

Aroj Ali Matubbar – Wikidata

His writings reflect his controversial philosophy about life and the world. His books were always in danger of being banned by the government, since they contained certain claims that disagreed with the religious beliefs of the majority. Matubbar was arrested and taken into police custody for his book, Sotyer Shondhaney The Quest for Truth.

Due to financial constraints, Matubbar could not pursue any academic course or attain a formal institutional degree. He lived mostly on subsistence farming. He learned surveying techniques and began his life as a private land surveyor in his locality. This enabled him to accumulate some capital and he could own some land to start farming.

He donated his eyes for transplantation after his death. After his death inAroj Ali Matubbar came to be regarded as one of the most prolific thinkers that rural Bangladesh ever produced, and an iconoclast who was not afraid of speaking out against entrenched beliefs and superstitions.

Matubbar had to take a lot of trouble in order to publish his books. He himself drew the cover of his first book, which was written in and published twenty one years later inunder the title Satyer Sandhane. This book gained him a reputation in the locality as a “learned man”. In the preface he wrote:. I then started jotting down questions, not for writing a book, but only to remember these questions later.

Those questions were driving my mind towards an endless ocean and I was gradually drifting away from the fold of religion. He made six propositions in this book, which reflected the nature of his philosophical questions. The eight questions he posed in the first proposition exemplify his approach.

These are a Who am I self? He was an unusual type of writer. Because of his rural background, it was not possible on his part to remove the darkness covering his society, but with the dim torch he held, he tried to see the truth, wherever he could, without fear or doubt.

Several of his unpublished manuscripts were later published posthumously under the title of Aroj Ali Matubbar Rachanabali. Some of his writings have been translated into English and compiled in a volume published by Qli Samabesh. Matubbar was little known to the elite educated society of the country during his lifetime. His first book, published inwas rich with secular thought but caught little attention.

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It is only in the final years of life that he came to be aro to the enlightened society of the country. His writings were collected mztubbar published. People in general started to take an interest in his books, which, although reflecting an untrained mind, posed a number of intriguing questions. He soon rose to eminence, albeit after his death in It shares land borders with India and Myanmar, Nepal, Bhutan and China are located near Bangladesh but do not share a border with it.

The countrys maritime territory in the Bay of Bengal is roughly equal to the size of its land area, Bangladesh is the worlds eighth most populous country. Dhaka is its capital and largest city, followed by Chittagong which has the countrys largest port, Bangladesh forms the largest and eastern part of the Bengal region. The politically dominant Bengali Muslims make the nation the worlds third largest Muslim-majority country, most of Bangladesh is covered by the Bengal delta, the largest delta on Earth.

The country has rivers and 8, km of inland waterways, highlands with evergreen forests are found in the northeastern and southeastern regions of the country.

Aroj Ali Matubbar

Bangladesh has many islands and a coral reef and it is home to the Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest in the world. The countrys biodiversity includes a vast array of plant and wildlife, including critically endangered Bengal tigers, the Greeks and Romans identified the region as Gangaridai, a powerful kingdom of the historical subcontinent, in the 3rd century BCE.

Archaeological research has unearthed several ancient cities in Bangladesh, which had trade links for millennia. The Bengal Sultanate and Mughal Bengal transformed the region into a cosmopolitan Islamic imperial power between the 14th and 18th centuries, the region was home to many principalities which had inland naval prowess.

It was also a center of the worldwide muslin and silk trade. The region witnessed the Bengali Language Movement in and the Bangladesh Liberation War inafter independence, a parliamentary republic was established. A presidential government was in place between andfollowed by a return to parliamentary democracy, the country has also been affected by poverty, natural disasters, hunger, dominant party systems and military coups.

Bangladesh is a power and a major developing nation. Listed as one of the Next Eleven, it has the 46th largest economy and it is one of the largest textile exporters in the world. Its major trading partners are the European Union, the United States, China, India, Japan, Malaysia, with its strategically vital location between Southern, Eastern and Southeast Asia, Bangladesh is an important promoter of regional connectivity and cooperation.

Barisal — Barisal is a major city that lies on the bank of Kirtankhola river in south-central Bangladesh. It is the largest city and the headquarter of both Barisal district and Barisal Division. It is one of the oldest municipalities and river ports of the country, Barisal municipality was established in the year during the British Raj and upgraded to City Corporation on 25 July Barisal was a semi-independent area in the Mughal period because of fighting between them and Hindu chiefs.

In course of time, it fell under the Bengal Nawabs, the central city of this region is the city of Barisal. It is one of the biggest river ports in Bangladesh, Barisal is fast growing city of the country stands on the Kirtankhola River. Countrys first short landing and take off airport has completed in Barisal. The city is called the Venice of the East or the Venice of Bengal. According to provisional results of the national census, the population of Barisal stands at , by gender, the population was The literacy rate among the people of Barisal is Which is significantly higher than the average of Most of the people in Barisal are the Bengali people, as is the case in most of Bangladesh, the long-standing inhabitants of the city are known as Barisaliya and they have a distinctive dialect.

The city population is composed of people from neighboring Upazilas, there are four major languages spoken in Barisal Standard Bengali, which is the administrative language and thus mainly used in academia and offices. Barisali dialect, which is spoken by almost all the native peoples of Greater Barisal region, is considered as a dialect of Bengali which does not have a written form. English, which is held in esteem and is used by the educated elite. The majority of Barisals people are Muslims, mainly Sunni Islam Hanafi, other religious groups include Hindus, and very few numbers of other religions, mainly Christians and Buddhists.

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Since endthe Catholic minority has its own Roman Catholic Diocese of Barisal, Barisal city occupies an area of 58 km2. Presidencies and provinces of British India — Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.

Collectively, they were called British India, in one form or other they existed between andconventionally divided into three historical periods.

During —, the East India Company set up factories in aoi locations, mostly in coastal India and its rivals were the merchant trading companies of Holland and France. By the midth century, three Presidency towns, Madras, Bombay, and Calcutta had grown in size, during the period of Company rule in India, —, the Company gradually acquired sovereignty over large parts of India, now called Presidencies.

However, it increasingly came under British government oversight, in effect sharing sovereignty with the Crown. At the same time it gradually lost its mercantile privileges, following the Indian Rebellion ofthe Companys remaining powers were arij to the Crown.

Aroj Ali Matubbar

aro In the bpoks British Raj, sovereignty extended to a few new regions, increasingly, however, unwieldy presidencies were broken up into Provinces. Inthe English East India Company established a settlement at Surat, and it was followed in by a permanent factory at Machilipatnam on the Coromandel Coast, and in the company joined other already established European trading companies in Bengal. Company rule in Bengal, however, ended with the Government of India Act following the events of the Bengal Rebellion of and these rulers were allowed a measure of internal autonomy in exchange for British suzerainty.

Independence from British rule was achieved in with the formation of two nations, the Dominions of India and Pakistan, the latter also including East Bengal, present-day Bangladesh. The term British India also applied to Burma for a time period, starting ina small part of Burma. This arrangement lasted untilwhen Burma commenced being administered as a separate British colony, British India did not apply to other countries in the region, such as Sri Lanka, which was a British Crown colony, or the Maldive Islands, which were a British protectorate.

It also included the Colony of Aden in the Arabian Peninsula, the original seat of government was at Allahabad, then at Agra from to Bombay Presidency, East India Companys headquarters moved from Surat to Bombay inthe East India Company, which was incorporated on bpoks Decemberestablished trade relations with Indian rulers in Masulipatam on the east coast in and Surat on the west coast in The company rented a trading outpost in Madras inmeanwhile, in eastern India, after obtaining permission from the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan to trade with Bengal, the Company established its first factory at Hoogly in Almost a half-century later, after Emperor Aurengzeb forced the Company out of Hooghly, by the midth century the three principal trading settlements, now called the Madras Presidency, the Bombay Presidency, and the Bengal Presidency were each administered by a Governor.

Quran — The Quran is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God. It is widely regarded as the finest work aaroj classical Arabic literature, the Quran is divided into chapters, which are then matibbar into verses. The word Quran occurs some 70 times in the text of the Quran, although different names, according to the traditional narrative, several companions of Muhammad served as scribes and were responsible for writing down the revelations.

Shortly after Muhammads death, the Quran was compiled by his companions who wrote down and mayubbar codices had differences that motivated the Caliph Uthman to establish a standard arpj now known as Arij codex, which is generally considered arom archetype of the Quran known today.