Summary. Otherwise known as Aloes wood and Malacca eagle-wood, Agar wood (Aquilaria malaccensis) is a tropical small tree that grows up to 40 m high and. Latin Aquilaria, eagle, after its common name in Malacca ― eagle wood; Latin malaccensis, of Malacca, referring to one locality in the natural distribution of this . Growth and Mineral Nutrition of Aquilaria Malaccensis (Karas) In Two Habitats As Affected By Different Cultural Practices. Article (PDF.

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Fungi are involved in the process, but the process itself is not yet fully understood. It is highly valued for its strength and durability and is made into cloth and aquioaria ]. Aquilaria malaccensis is the major source [6] of agarwooda resinous heartwood, used for perfume and incense.

Aquilaria malaccensis

Good seed years occur infrequently and a medium sized tree may then produce 1. You can unsubscribe at anytime. It can grow in semi-shade light woodland or no shade. Archived from the original PDF on Seedlings are pricked out into containers 40 – 45 days after germination when they are 3 – 5 cm tall, and are kept under shade[ ]. You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language malaccensiz the select box.

In China it is applied as a sedative against abdominal complaints, asthma, colic and diarrhoea, and as an aphrodisiac and carminative[ ]. All plant pages have their own malaccennsis code.

It is suitable for making boxes, light indoor construction and veneer[ ]. This species forms an association with endotrophic mycorrhizal fungi[ ]. Downloaded on 21 October For a list of references used on this page please go here Aaquilaria special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.


If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as malaccenis do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

The texture is rather coarse and the wood diffuse-porous. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below.

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The extremely high prices paid for high malacccensis agar wood and for the essential oil and the indiscriminate felling of both diseased and healthy trees threaten natural stands of Aquilaria including Aquilaria malaccensis to extinction. It is creamy white to pale yellowish-brown or greyish-brown, heartwood and sapwood not clearly differentiated[ ].

QR Code What’s this? As a result Iran is no longer considered as habitat for or producer of agarwood. Aquilaria malaccensis – Lam. A number of other species are less important sources of agar wood, including some minor Aquilaria spp. Kuntze Aquilaria agallocha Roxb.

Unless such methods are developed, Aquilaria malaccensis may soon be extinct[ ]. Aquilaria malaccensis is a species of plant in the Thymelaeaceae family. It is used to flavour curries. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Edible parts are the seeds and bark. In Aqhilaria it is put into funeral pyres, while in Japan, the incense is used in tea ceremonies[ ].

The incense is also used as an insect repellent[ ]. Agar wood is used to relieve spasms and to lower fever. The resin is used to flavour curries in Malaysia[ ]. The best agarwood yields are from trees of 50 years age or more aquilariw resin is produced as early as 20 years[ ]. The resin is produced when the tree is infected by a parasitic fungus, Phaeoacremonium parasitica. Its odour is long-lasting and exhibits a good tenacity in applications[ ].


In trade a distinction maalccensis the wood from these species is rarely made[ ].

The oil is so rare and expensive that it is malaccfnsis produced on request[ ]. Fruit harvested for seed should be collected when mature but still green. Prefers heavy soils developed from gneiss and other metamorphic rocks, but it also grows well on sandy loams developed from sandstone[ ]. The fragrance produced by the burning agar wood has been highly valued for thousands of years, and its use as incense for ceremonial purposes in Buddhism, Confucianism and Hinduism is widespread throughout eastern and southern Asia.

The fungus implicated in the formation of aquilaira wood in this species is Cytosphaera mangiferae, while Melanotus flavolives is assumed to play a similar role in Aquilaria sinensis[ ].

Aquilaria malaccensis Agar Wood, Eaglewood, Indian Aloewood, Aloeswood PFAF Plant Database

Mature trees aged around 80 years may reach a height of 25 – 30 metres and aquilarix diameter at breast height of 55 – 70 cm[ ]. Commonly found scattered in primary and secondary forest, mainly in plains but also on hillsides and ridges up to metres[ ]. Aquilaria malaccensis, from India, and Malaysia has lobes 2 – 3mm long.