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Anton Semyonovich Makarenko Russian: As one of the founders of Soviet pedagogyhe elaborated the theory and methodology of upbringing in self-governing child collectives and introduced the concept of productive labor into the educational system.
Makarenko is often reckoned among makarfnko world’s great educators, and his books have been published in many countries. In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution pedzgogico established self-supporting orphanages for street children — including juvenile delinquents — left orphaned by the Russian Civil War.
Among these establishments were the Gorky Colony and later the Dzerzhinsky labor commune in Kharkivwhere the FED camera was produced. In a movie with English title Road to Life was produced.
In Septemberhaving graduated from a four-year college in KremenchugMakarenko took a one-year teachers’ course and at the age of seventeen, began teaching at a railway college at Dolinskaya station near Kherson where he worked from September till October In August he enrolled into the Poltava Training College but had to interrupt his education and in September joined the Russian army which he was demobilized from in Marchdue to poor eyesight.
A year later it became the Gorky Colony and soon attracted the attention of Maxim Gorky himself. In Makarenko published two amton on the Gorky Colony in Golos Truda newspaper and Novimy Stezhkami magazine and two years later made a public report at the All-Ukrainian Conference for the orphanage teachers.
In Makarenko was appointed as the head of the Dzerzhinsky labour commune, an orphanage for street children near Kharkov, where the most incorrigible thieves and swindlers were known to be put pdeagogico rehabilitation.
Makarenko succeeded in gaining their respect, combining in his method insistence and respect, school education and productive labor. In March his report at the Ukrainian Pedagogical institute concerning his work in the Gorky Colony received hostile treatment.
In September of that year he was fired from the Gorky Colony, and had to concentrate on his work in Kharkov.
Poema Pedagogico (English, Spanish, Paperback)
Makarenko’s methods were highly appreciated by Maxim Gorky who believed that his “amazingly successful educational experiment [was] of world-wide significance. In the famous writer visited the two colonies and left much impressed; next year in an essay called “Over the Union of Soviets” he hailed Makarenko as “the new type of pedagogue. Encouraged by Gorky, whom he admired, Makarenko wrote The Pedagogical Poem better known in the West under its English title, Road to Life based on the true stories of his pupils from the orphanage for street children, which he started in and published in Before that, inMakarenko’s first story, “The March of the 30th Year”, came out.
In he became a member of the Soviet Union of Writers.
In he was appointed the head of another colony, in Brovaryand in less than a year turned an unruly bunch of pupils into a highly disciplined working collective.
Accused of being critical towards Stalin and supporting the Ukrainian opposition, Makarenko had ppoema flee Kiev in order to avoid the arrest and settled in Moscow where he lived “under special supervision.
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Anton Semyonovich Makarenko died of heart failure in a wagon of a suburban train at the Golitsyno railway station of the Moscow Railway ‘s Smolensk line, aged He was buried in Moscow, at the Novodevichy Cemetery. Although there was some opposition by the authorities at the early stages of Makarenko’s “experiments”,  the Soviet establishment eventually came to hail his colonies as a grand success in communist education and rehabilitation.
Among his key ideas were “as much exigence towards the person as possible and as much respect for him as possible”, the use of positive peer pressure on the individual by the collectiveand institutionalized self-government and self-management of that collective. Makarenko was one of the first Soviet educators to urge that the activities of various educational institutions — i.
Criticism of Makarenko’s ideas were raised by Soviet educators and Russian dissidents both before and after the fall of Soviet communism. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Ukrainian football player, see Anton Makarenko footballer.
International Bureau of Education, Paris.
Poema Pedagogico/ Pedagogical Poem by Anton Semionovich Makarenko
Russian EmpireSoviet. Educational theoryPedagogyCorrectional education. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Anton Makarenko.